Study Guide: Egypt and Organization

HIZB UT-TAHRIR ON EVENTS IN EGPYT
http://www.khilafah.com/index.php/analysis/middle-east/11249-hizb-ut-tahrir-to-the-supreme-council-of-the-egyptian-armed-forces-the-second-camp-david-protector-has-fallen

Research on the Youth Movement in Egypt

http://www.newsrealblog.com/2011/02/02/the-social-networking-behind-egypt%E2%80%99s-unrest/
The Social Networking Behind Egypt’s Unrest

Editor’s note: NRB would like to acknowledge the fine work done by RedState and regret that the much deserved credit to LaborUnionReport was inadvertently omitted.

Everyone is speculating on this past week’s activist eruption in Egypt and how it got started. Called completely “grassroots,” I am discovering that these activists have had quite a bit of help in preparing for this type of action from Google executives, our own State Department and many others.

Although the Left has always complained of our meddling in the affairs of other countries, it appears to be acceptable when they are the ones doing it.

The Alliance of Youth Movements (AYM) has offered much support to the effort of the activists in Egypt, which did not begin this week but has been building for years. Offering annual summits with workshops, activist manuals and assistance with matters such as circumventing internet proxies, they have done their best to streamline the process for activists globally to rise up against “social injustice.”

Currently, the AYM is offering many helpful ways for you to support the efforts in Egypt, such as going to a solidarity protest or offering your modem service so they can be online anonymously. Google has compiled a handy Egypt crisis response page keeping people posted on the current locations of protests and instructing them on how to post tweets without internet access.

Highlighted by the AYM on their site, the “April 6 Movement” appears to be behind the initial action, as suggested by The Nation. Their co-founder, Ahmed Salah, is a “fellow” with AYM:

First, by all accounts, is the April 6 Youth Movement. Leftists, socialists and pro-labor people know that the movement takes its name from April 6, 2008, when a series of strikes and labor actions by textile workers in Mahalla led to a growing general strike by workers and residents and then, on April 6, faced a brutal crackdown by security forces.

The leader of the April 6 movement is Ahmad Maher, a 28-year-old construction engineer who was profiled last week in the Los Angeles Times. Well-wired and Internet-connected, Maher told the paper: “After the revolution in Tunisia, we are able to market the idea of change in Egypt. People now want to seize something.”

A recent release from Wikileaks introduces us to the April 6 Youth Movement’s connection to the larger Alliance of Youth Movements:

1. (C) Summary andcomment: On December 23, April 6 activist xxxxxxxxxxxx expressed satisfaction with his participation in the December 3-5 \”Alliance of Youth Movements Summit,\” and with his subsequent meetings with USG officials, on Capitol Hill, and with think tanks. He described how State Security (SSIS) detained him at the Cairo airport upon his return and confiscated his notes for his summit presentation calling for democratic change in Egypt, and his schedule for his Congressional meetings.

So what is the Alliance of Youth Movements (AYM)? From their Mission page, they describe themselves as a not-for-profit organization dedicated to helping grassroots activists to build their capacity and make a greater impact on the world.” And boy, do they offer a lot of help. AYM was co-founded by Jared Cohen (Director of Google Ideas who formerly worked for the State Dept.) and Jason Liebman (Howcast founder.) AYM partners with MTV, Google, CBS, MSNBC, Facebook, YouTube, National Geographic, Columbia University Law School and even our own State Dept. Annual summits feature workshops from the best in the  social networking business.

Their most recent summit was in London, March ’10. Here is what David Rowan, an attendee, blogged:

At the opening reception last night, hosted at Google’s headquarters, I met a smart bunch of people from organizations such as Blue State Digital (which ran Obama’s online campaign), Howcast, Middle East peace activists One Voice, and the East London-based Young Foundation.

But the highlight is an A-list bunch of conference speakers at the conference today and tomorrow — including Jack Dorsey of Twitter, Sir Martin Sorrell of WPP, Scott Heiferman of MeetUp, as well as top people from Google, YouTube and the World Bank. Other keynote speakers include Jeremy Gilley, the former actor who founded Peace One Day, and Joe Rospars, who was the new-media director for Obama for America.

You can sense the scale of their practical ambition from the title of some of the sessions: one is called Tech Solutions to Repressive Regimes.

One of AYM’s so-called “ambassadors,” Maajid Nawaz, has been all over the media doing interviews. He is active on the AYM Twitter as well as the Facebook page here, where they are coordinating their action in Egypt. The related April 6 Twitter account keeps everyone updated and links to some of their favorite sites like E-Socialists Revolutionary Socialism where you can view some of their suggested demands (translating from Arabic.) He has been well trained in the use of media and social networking.

It seems odd that Maajid Nawaz would be chosen as an “ambassador” for AYM. According to his own bio on AYM, he served four years in an Egyptian prison as an Amnesty International ‘prisoner of conscience’ and was formerly a leader in the “peaceful” global Hizb ut-Tahrir (HT) Islamist movement set on the destruction of Israel. About HT, Nawaz now says:

I think that what I taught has not only damaged British society and British Muslim relations and damaged the position of Muslims in this society as British citizens, I think it’s damaged the world.

He had to take a less obvious path. Now professing to be peaceful, he is with the Quilliam Foundation. New name, fresh reputation.

The Quilliam Foundation (named after a 19th century British convert) is being pitched as advancing the counter-argument to extremism.

For a man of peace, Nawaz and his progressive friends at the AYM seem to be at the center of everything, and it doesn’t seem to be progressing peacefully.

Google and the State Department appear to feel very confident about their role in assisting global uprisings, but we might have a few suggestions. In their next AYM Summit, they might want to consider adding some workshops on the backgrounds of the participants they are training and considering who might come in to fill the void left by the people they dispose. Just a thought.

As it is, this social networking experiment has taken a dangerous turn and leaves us wondering which country might be next on the list for a little “social networking.”

Maajid Nawaz…he was part of hiz-but tahir- which has openly called for a caliphate!!!

One of AYM’s so-called “ambassadors,” Maajid Nawaz, has been all over the media doing interviews. He is active on the AYM Twitter as well as the Facebook page here, where they are coordinating their action in Egypt. The related April 6 Twitter account keeps everyone updated and links to some of their favorite sites like E-Socialists Revolutionary Socialism where you can view some of their suggested demands (translating from Arabic.) He has been well trained in the use of media and social networking.

That’s understandable. Why drag your company into your personal affairs? Plus he took personal time off from work to attend the marches. But there is also…

The Other Google Employees

Recap: November 24, 2008 State Department briefing on concerns of the departments involvement with Howcast’s Alliance of Youth Movements (AYM). December 3-5, 2008 the conference is attended by various groups including Egypt April 6 Youth. December 30, 2008 cable sent out detailing April 6 Youth detained returning from AYM. State Security “confiscated his notes for his summit presentation calling for democratic change in Egypt” and “alleged that several opposition parties and movements have accepted an unwritten plan for democratic transition by 2011.”

Back to the State Department: In that November briefing was Jared Cohen and Undersecretary Glassman. Cohen is the co-founder of AYM (now named Movements.org), director of GoogleIdeas and previously worked in the State Department. Full transcript of the briefing can be found here

The State Dept briefing shows there is concern about having this event. Citing Egypt and Turkey and the possibility of “unleashing something here that is going to come back to bite you.” Adding also that “any one of these groups could suddenly decide to, you know, turn violent or something like that” and, “now youre getting involved in something here that you have zero control over”.

Cohen and Glassman assured the department that they were intentionally focusing on groups that were know for having a track record of peaceful protests. So now it was up to Howcast to organize this and get it ready to go.

Howcast has five co-founders, four of them are former Google employees. Amongst them is co-founder Jason Liebman also a co-founder of AYM. (recently changed to movements.org)

Liebman is also the registered contact for both companies and they are registered to the same address. A fast Whois search for Howcast compared with the Whois search for Movements reveals this.

AYM/Movements.org was spawned from Howcast by former and current Google employees. Approved for and funded by the State Department. The Egyptian dissident returned from that conference with agreements to an unwritten plan for democratic transition by 2011. Maybe this is why Wael Ghonim asked the movements not to make up pictures of him with the Google logo on it.

Part Two Tomorrow: Howcast cleans up its site. Asks for to remove links about AYM. Breaks the links. Screen caps and email conversations from a former Howcast Employee who now works for Movements.org. Training, and Burning down the house here and in Egypt, and the Glenn Beck caliphate

http://2002-2009-fpc.state.gov/112324.htm

Here’s a photo from the State website w/ following caption: James K. Glassman, Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs; and Jared Cohen, Secretary’s Policy Planning Staff, at the Washington Foreign Press Center Briefing on the “Alliance for Youth Movements Summit at Columbia University in New York, December 3-5, 2008.”

Alliance of Youth Movements Summit

http://info.howcast.com/system/page_attachments/0000/0403/Alliance_of_Youth_Movements_Summit_Attendee_Biographies.pdf

Maajid Nawaz

Maajid Nawaz, Director of the Quilliam Foundation – formerly on the

UK national leadership for the Islamist party Hizb ut-Tahrir (HT). Maajid

served HT for around 13 years, being a founding member in Denmark

and Pakistan and eventually serving four years in an Egyptian prison

as an Amnesty International adopted ‘prisoner of conscience’. In

prison, Maajid began changing his views until finally renouncing the

Islamist Ideology for traditional Islam and inclusive politics. He now

engages in counter Islamist thought generating, writing, debating and

media appearances. He has spoken at various forums internationally

ranging from the grassroots at City Circle London, to addressing the

US Senate in Washington DC and regularly comments on national and

international news and newspapers. Maajid holds BA (Hons) from

SOAS in Arabic and Law and an MSc in Political Theory from the

London School of Economics (LSE), with modules in ‘Religion and

Politics’ and ‘Conflict, Violence and Terrorism’.

Quilliam

http://www.quilliamfoundation.org/

is the world’s first counter-extremism think tank set up to address the unique challenges of citizenship, identity, and belonging in a globalised world. Quilliam stands for religious freedom, human rights, democracy and developing a Muslim identity at home in, and with, the West.

Maajid Nawaz, Feb. 4, 2011

http://www.newstatesman.com/middle-east/2011/02/egypt-brotherhood-uprising

The uprising in Egypt is unprecedented, fascinating, even scary – but it is also more than that. For me, it’s personal. I was “Number 42″ in the dungeons of Hosni Mubarak’s torture facilities. Before me were 41 poor souls, taken one by one and electrocuted. Behind me were hundreds more. Wives were stripped and tortured in front of their husbands, children electrocuted in front of their parents. Few returned from the darkness of Cairo’s al-Gihaz and Lazoughly cells.

Between 2002 and 2006, I was swallowed up by this system. I was held in the Mazra Tora Prison for my role as leader of the pan-Islamist organisation Hizb ut-Tahrir in Alexandria. I have since left that group and now campaign for democratic activism in Muslim-majority countries. That is why I see this people’s uprising as my revenge.

Another man worthy of mention is Ahmed Seif el-Islam Hamad. This veteran activist and leader of the Kifaya (“enough is enough”) movement was my lawyer. Kifaya pioneered the anti-Mubarak protests five years ago. In those days, they could not muster more than 20 or so demonstrators and those who did stand up were the object of sneering from onlookers. Now over 60, Seif is happy to step back and let the youth lead their own people’s revolution.

Take the secular and democratic April 6 Youth Movement, led by Ahmed Salah, which was instrumental in galvanising the masses. Significantly, the Brotherhood was not involved in sparking this uprising. Rather, it has played catch-up.

This was a spontaneous uprisingThe best revolutions are unplanned and the most democratic are leaderless. Egypt has fast become the case study for the phenomenon – it is nothing short of a democratic cyclone that will rip through the entire Arab world. The Arab awakening has begun.

There are legitimate concerns that the Brotherhood, Egypt’s most organised political opposition, could eventually hijack the uprising. The Brotherhood is an evolving organisation, but it has yet to ditch some of its more archaic principles, such as the view that only a Muslim male may become head of state. Its most recent internal elections led to defeat for reformers such as Abul-Fotouh

http://www.movements.org/pages/630/

(New York, N.Y.) February 1, 2011 – Movements.org today launched an online hub for digital activism that will allow activists to connect on and offline, to access resources, and to share their stories with each other and supporters all over the world. The site provides how-to guides for new and experienced activists, blog posts covering the role of connection technologies in social change, and case studies for activists to share their stories and learn from their peers.

Examples of new digital tools and resources on the site include:

AYM tie to April 6 Movement

AHMED SALAH

  • The movement was started by young activists Ahmed Maher and Ahmed Salah in order to mobilize support for striking industrial workers El-Mahalla El-Kubra. They wanted to organize people to supoprt the cause of the workers, who were planning a strike April 6, 2008
  • “Being the first youth movement in Egypt to use internet-based modes of communication like Facebook and Twitter, we aim to promote democracy by encouraging public involvement in the political process,” Maher told Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, in an interview.
  • Maher  calls the movement a youth coalition and says they will support national icons like Mohammed ElBaradei and support the cause of the National Association for Change which is fighting for political reform. The movement says it is not a political party and that it will not contest elections.
  • The other founder, Ahmed Salah, was arrested last week after the uprising beganSusannah Vila writes about his arrest in her blog in movements.org.: “Salah (left) was sought out by state security, surrounded by roughly 10 special forces in riot gear, and thrown in a car separate from the blue vans police have been tossing other demonstrators in. This was not your average arrest.”

Read more: http://www.ibtimes.com/articles/107387/20110201/april6-movement-egypt-protest-revolt-facebook-maher-ahmed-salah.htm#ixzz1Dx6dnGqq

INTERVIEW WITH ONE OF THE APRIL 6 MOVEMENT FOUNDERS

http://www.aawsat.com/english/news.asp?section=3&id=24109

Asharq Al-Awsat] You were responsible for what has been described as the Egyptian protests “operations room” prior to and during the January 25 “Day of Rage” protests, can you tell us a little about what this entailed?

[Maher] I established this “operations room” around 15 days before the beginning of the protests, and we would meet daily to discuss routine details including assessing the reach of our calls to protest with regards to internet websites, looking at the data and information that was being provided to citizens, and studying innovative mechanisms of protesting which aimed to overcome the methods that the state security services always use to pre-empt demonstrations and protests. Two days prior to the demonstrations we implemented a new mode of operation which saw activists being split into separate groups, with each group being made up of between 30 and 50 activists who would be posted to central areas and public squares to incite protests whilst only the leader of each group would be informed of the precise location of where the protests were scheduled to begin…meeting his group in a pre-selected location just prior to the beginning of the protest, and then guiding this group to the main rendezvous point.

party Hizb ut-Tahrir (HT)

http://english.hizbuttahrir.org/

Hizb ut-Tahrir is a political party whose ideology is Islam. Its objective is to resume the Islamic way of life by establishing an Islamic State that executes the systems of Islam and carries its call to the world. Hizb ut-Tahrir has prepared a party culture that includes a host of Islamic rules about life’s matters. The party calls for Islam in its quality as an intellectual leadership from which emanates the systems that deals with all man’s problems, political, economic, cultural and social among others. Hizb ut-Tahrir is a political party that admits to its membership men and women, and calls all people to Islam and to adopt its concepts and systems. It views people according to the viewpoint of Islam no matter how diverse their nationalities and their schools of thought were. Hizb ut-Tahrir adopts the interaction with the Ummah in order to reach its objective and it struggles against colonialism in all its forms and attributes in order to liberate the Ummah from its intellectual leadership and to deracinate its cultural, political, military and economic roots from the soil of the Islamic lands. Hizb ut-Tahrir endeavours to change the erroneous thoughts which colonialism has propagated, such as confining Islam to rituals and morals.

The rise of Hizb ut-Tahrir was in response to Allah (swt)’s saying: T.M.Q. “And let there arise from amongst you a band that calls to the good and commands what is right and forbids what is evil and those are the ones who will attain felicity.” in order to revive the Islamic Ummah after the severe decline to which she has sunk, to liberate her from the thoughts, systems and rules of Kufr, its systems and from the hegemony and influence of the Kufr states,  and  in order to work towards establishing the Islamic Khilafah State so that the rules by what Allah (swt) has revealed returns to the realm of life.

Hizb ut-Tahrir (HT)

http://english.hizbuttahrir.org/

  • Hizb ut-Tahrir is a political party whose ideology is Islam. Its objective is to resume the Islamic way of life by establishing an Islamic State that executes the systems of Islam and carries its call to the world. Hizb ut-Tahrir has prepared a party culture that includes a host of Islamic rules about life’s matters…
  • The rise of Hizb ut-Tahrir was in response to Allah (swt)’s saying: T.M.Q. “And let there arise from amongst you a band that calls to the good and commands what is right and forbids what is evil and those are the ones who will attain felicity.” in order to revive the Islamic Ummah after the severe decline to which she has sunk, to liberate her from the thoughts, systems and rules of Kufr, its systems and from the hegemony and influence of the Kufr states,  and  in order to work towards establishing the Islamic Khilafah State so that the rules by what Allah (swt) has revealed returns to the realm of life.

Barack Obama adviser says Sharia Law is misunderstood

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/barackobama/6274387/Obama-adviser-says-Sharia-Law-is-misunderstood.html

  • Miss Dalia Mogahed, appointed to the President’s Council on Faith-Based and Neighbourhood Partnerships, said the Western view of Sharia was “oversimplified” and the majority of women around the world associate it with “gender justice”.
  • The White House adviser made the remarks on a London-based TV discussion programme hosted by Ibtihal Bsis, a member of the extremist Hizb ut Tahrir party.
  • Miss Mogahed admitted that even many Muslims associated Sharia with “maximum criminal punishments” and “laws that… to many people seem unequal to women,” but added: “Part of the reason that there is this perception of Sharia is because Sharia is not well understood and Islam as a faith is not well understood.”

Video of the interview

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zlN6zCXX9Sk

http://www.adl.org/main_Terrorism/hizb_ut_tahrir_emerges_in_america.htm?Multi_page_sections=sHeading_3

  • Hizb ut-Tahrir (HT), Arabic for “Party of Liberation,” is an international organization that seeks to establish a global Islamic caliphate.  Established in Jerusalem in 1953, HT claims to be a political organization “whose ideology is Islam.”
  • HT conferences around the world suggest that the group is currently in the second stage of its goal of establishing a global Islamic government.
  • HT claims that it does not engage in violent activities and generally espouses a policy of nonviolence.  However, in a January 2010 press release, HT called for violence against U.S. troops stationed in Afghanistan. The group accused “US crusaders” of killing nine school children and injuring 85 others in Afghanistan.  “Such incidents,” HT said in the press release “has to be answered by sharp swords of Muslim united armies under a true Muslim leader (Imam/K), not by few words of condemnations, rallies and demonstrations or submissions of list of demands to the UN’s or Human Rights, which are the protector of these crusaders, not us.”
  • In 2007, German police arrested three men on suspicion of plotting to bomb military and civilian airports, restaurants and nightclubs. Two of the men were allegedly Uzbek members of the HT splinter cell Islamic Jihad Union (IJU), which carried out a terrorist attack against the American and Israeli embassies in Uzbekistan in July 2004.
  • Two British HT members were also allegedly involved in terrorist activities. One of the men was among those responsible for the 2003 suicide bombing at Mike’s Place, a bar in Tel Aviv.  Another HT member was suspected of joining Al Qaeda and plotting to attack several New York-Based financial targets. He was arrested in 2004 by British authorities.
  • Hugh Jass

    More dangerous than merit-based rewards is the notion of “distributive justice” that requires each of us b subjected to centralized control