ATTACKS ON THOMAS JEFFERSON BY POLITICAL OPPONENTS
"a mean-spirited, low-lived fellow, the son of a half-breed Indian squaw, sired by a Virginia mulatto father."
THOMAS PAINE ON JOHN ADAMS: “It has been the political career of this man to begin with hypocrisy, proceed with arrogance, and finish with contempt.”
THE NEW ENGLAND COURANT on the election of Thomas Jefferson (probably around (1800)
“…Murder, robbery, rape, adultery and incest will be openly taught and practiced, the air will be rent with the cries of distress, the soil soaked with blood, and the nation black with crimes. Where is the heart that can contemplate such a scene without shivering with horror?”
FEDERALIST PREACHERS ON JEFFERSON
“ARE YOU PREPARED TO SEE YOUR DWELLING IN FLAMES, HOARY HEADS BATHED IN BLOOD, FEMALE CHASTITY VIOLATED, OR CHILDREN WRITHING ON THE PIKE AND THE HALBERD?”
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS ATTACKING JOHN RANDOLPH (POLITICIAN)
John Quincy Adams who, along with his father, the second President, has been bitterly attacked by Randolph, quoted Ovid against the Latter:
“His face is ashen, gaunt his whole body, His breath is green with gall; His tongue drips poison.”
Ovid (43 BC-AD 17/18), applied by John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) to John Randolph (a politician)
CHICAGO TIMES ON LINCOLN’S 2ND INAUGURAL ADDRESS:
"…We did not conceive it possible that even Mr. Lincoln would produce a paper so slipshod, so loose-joined, so puerile, not alone in literary construction, but in its ideas, its sentiments, its grasp. He has outdone himself. He has literally come out of the end of his own horn. By the side of it, mediocrity is superb."
This statement is from the Chicago Times on March 6, 1865 in response to Lincoln's second inaugural address [Source: Abraham Lincoln, a press portrait: By Herbert Mitgang]
WARREN HARDING UNDER ATTACK BY THE PRESS
H.L. Mencken on Warren Harding
MARCH 7, 1921
“He writes the worst English that I have ever encountered. It reminds me of a string of wet sponges; it reminds me of tattered washing on the line; it reminds me of stale bean soup, of college yells, of dogs barking idiotically through endless nights. It is so bad that a sort of grandeur creeps into it. It drags itself out of the dark abysm of pish and crawls insanely up the topmost pinnacle of posh. It is rumble and bumble. It is flap and doodle. It is balder and dash.
H. L Mencken (1880-1956), American journalist and critic, on Warren G. Harding (1865-1923), American president
- Lyndon Johnson political ad against Barry Goldwater associating him with the KKK
Violence and Assasinations
Historic examples of US violence
- Black Tom 1916
- Sherman Riot 1930
- Days of Rage riots and Anti-Vietnam bombings 1960s-1970s
Assassin: Guiseppe Zangara
Assassination Attempt: Feb. 15, 1933 in Miami
- Zangara, an Italian anarchist, had lived in New Jersey since 1924, and had only been in Miami for a couple of months. According to the FBI file, he said he wanted to kill kings and presidents of wealthy governments since he was 17. His intention was to go to Washington to kill Pres Hoover but changed his mind when he learned that Pres-elect Roosevelt was coming to Miami.
- "I decide to kill him and make him suffer. I want to make it 50-50. Since my stomach hurt I want to make even with capitalists by kill the President. My stomach hurt long time."
- Zangara told the FBI he had once planned to kill the King of Italy
Assasins: Oscar Collazo and Griselio Torresola
Assassination Attempt: November 1, 1950
- Two Puerto Rican nationalists, Oscar Collazo and Griselio Torresola, attempted to assassinate President Truman on November 1, 1950. They arrived in Washington D.C. the day before from the Bronx in New York City, where they were active in the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party. They thought the assassination would call attention to Puerto Rico and advance the cause of Puerto Rican independence.
Assasin: Charles Guiteau
Assassination Attempt: July 2, 1881, died in Sept. 1881
- President James Garfield (1881) had only been in office for four months when he was shot, on in Washington, D.C
- Despite defense claims that he was insane, Guiteau was convicted of Garfield's murder and he was executed in 1882.
- In 1860, Charles Guiteau joined the Oneida Community in New York. Still unhappy, he then left the community on April 3, 1865, when he conceived of the notion that he had been chosen by God to spread Noyes' self-named "millennial communism" by founding a daily newspaper.
- After Garfield's election, in 1881, Guiteau moved to Washington, D.C., in the hope of an appointment. He bombarded Secretary of State James G. Blaine with letters. Finally, after receiving either rebuff or no response at all, Guiteau again changed sides to the Stalwarts' cause.
- In mid-May 1881, he conceived the idea to "remove" the president. On June 16, 1881, he delivered the first of several "explanations" for his action, an "Address to the American People.” He also wrote a letter to the White House and a similar one to be sent to General William T. Sherman, stating, "I have just shot the President...His death was a political necessity. I am a lawyer, theologian and politician. I am a Stalwart of the Stalwarts..."
Assassin: John Wilkes Booth
Assassination: shot on April 14, 1865, died next day
“To Whom It May Concern” November 1864
(Right or Wrong, God Judge Me: The Writings of John Wilkes Booth)
- “The very nomination of Abraham Lincoln, four years ago, spoke plainly – war, war upon Southern rights and institutions. His election proved it. ‘Await an overt act.’ Yes till you are bound and plundered. What folly, the South were wise. Who thinks of argument or patience when the finger of his enemy presses on the trigger…People of the north, to hate tyranny to love liberty and justice, to strike at wrong and oppression, was the teaching of our fathers. The study of our early history will not let me forget it, And may it never.”
Assassin: Lee Harvey Oswald
Assassination: Nov. 22, 1963
- "He didn't even have the satisfaction of being killed for civil rights . . . . It's — it had to be some silly little Communist." — Jackie Kennedy, on hearing that a leftist had been arrested for her husband's murder.
- Lee writes in his diary: "I was looking for a key to my environment, and then I discovered socialist literature. I had to dig for my books in the back dusty shelves of libraries."
- 1958: Oswald starts learning Russian and begins openly espousing the virtues of Marxism to fellow Marines. He begins receiving left-wing newspapers and he becomes enamored with Fidel Castro's 1959 revolution. He now views Cuba as the Marxist ideal and is highly critical of the U.S. administration's policies toward Castro.
- 1963: Oswald poses for pictures in his backyard, dressed all in black, with the new pistol in his waist and carrying his new rifle. Oswald gives his friend one of the photos. On the back someone has written "Hunter of Fascists" in Russian, and Oswald has signed it. His signature is later verified beyond a doubt by the House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA).
- 1963: He writes to the leading pro-Castro group in the U.S., the Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC), offering to start a New Orleans chapter. The committee discourages him, but he ignores them and begins printing his own pro-Castro leaflets and phony membership cards.
ATTACKS ON OUR COUNTRY
Black Tom 1916
- For 30 years, Lady Liberty's 29-foot torch was accessible via service ladder. But early on the morning of July 30, 1916, as World War I raged in Europe, German agents attacked a waterfront munitions depot in nearby Jersey City, N.J., triggering a massive explosion that caused the equivalent of more than $2 million in damage to the statue. The torch never re-opened.
- the resulting explosion was the equivalent of an earthquake measuring between 5.0 and 5.5 on the Richter Scale. Windows within a 25-mile radius were broken, the outside wall of Jersey City’s City Hall was cracked and pieces of metal damaged the skirt of the Statue of Liberty
- Two million tons of war materials packed into train cars had blown up in the Black Tom railroad yard on what is now a part of Liberty State Park.
- Thousands of windows shattered in lower Manhattan and Jersey City. Shrapnel pock-marked the Statue of Liberty. Three men and a baby were killed by the explosive energy that erupted from this act of sabotage.
1919 Anarchist bombings
- In seven U.S. cities in June 1919, all within approximately 90 minutes of one another, bombs of extraordinary capacity rocked some of the biggest urban areas in America, including New York; Boston; Pittsburgh; Cleveland; Patterson, New Jersey; Washington, D.C.; and Philadelphia. The bombings were a concerted effort among U.S. based anarchists who were most likely disciples of Luigi Galleani, a vehemently radical anarchist who advocated violence as a means to effect change, to rid the world of laws and capitalism.
The Sherman Riot, 1930
- A black man (George Hughes) admitted to raping a white woman and riots broke out. During Hughes’ trial, rioting broke out, there was looting of Texas town’s black business district, courthouse was burned down during the man’s trial. Hughes had perished in the fire, but the crazed crowd, now numbering over 5000, dragged his body behind a car, hanged it from a tree, and set it on fire. The mob then burned down black businesses and again prevented the fire department from putting out the flames. Martial law declared. The outbreak of violence was followed by two more lynchings in Texas, one in Oklahoma, and several lynching attempts
- 1969 Days of Rage riots in Chicago led by Weather Underground
- Weather Underground claimed responsibility for the bombings of New York City Police Headquarters in 1970, of the Capitol building in 1971, the Pentagon in 1972, armed robbery of a Brinks truck
Washington's Farewell Address 1796
2. Thomas Jefferson & The Campaign and Election of 1800
3. Attacks on Alexander Hamilton
“The Opposition Press of the Federalist Period”